Article last updated on: Jan 29, 2019

What is a foam?

A foam is a substance in which gas is trapped in a liquid or a solid in pockets. There are many types of foams - for example, those used by firefighters (mostly to combat burning oils). A bread is also, at least formally, a type of foam.

Graphene Foams

Graphene foams are usually made by growing graphene using a CVD process on a 3D metal foam (structure). The metal is then removed which leaves the graphene 3D foam.

A graphene foam is strong and conductive and useful for many applications - sensors, purification/absorption materials - and more.

Graphene foams are somewhat similar to graphene aerogels, in which the liquid part of the gel is replaced by a gas (usually air).

Graphene foams are now available commercially, contact us for details.

The latest graphene foam news:

Graphene oxide-based foam to clean dirty water

Researchers at Washington University have managed to use graphene oxide sheets to create a biofoam that can transform dirty water into drinking water. Their hope is that in countries where there is a lot of sunlight, it'll be possible to take dirty water, evaporate it using this material, and collect fresh water.

This new method combines bacteria-produced cellulose and graphene oxide to form a bi-layered biofoam. The production process is said to be extremely simple, and the nanoscale cellulose fiber network produced by bacteria has excellent ability to move the water from the bulk to the evaporative surface while minimizing the heat coming down. The material is a bi-layered structure with light-absorbing graphene oxide filled nanocellulose at the top and pristine nanocellulose at the bottom. When suspended this on water, the water is actually able to reach the top surface where evaporation happens.

Graphene to regenerate 3D tissues and organs for implantation into the human body

A team of researchers from Boise State University have conducted a study that focuses on demonstrating the suitability of graphene foam (3D version of graphene) as a scaffold for growing functional muscle tissue. In the future, researchers hope that the unique properties of graphene and graphene foam can be used to regenerate 3-dimensional tissues and organs for implantation into the human body.

According to the team, the study demonstrated that extra cellular matrix proteins on graphene foam can enhance the differentiation of pluripotent C2C12 myoblasts,and in addition it was possible to verify muscle functionality by using the graphene foam itself as an electrode to stimulate the tissue.

Graphene 3D Lab Introduces a new product: Graphene Flex Foam

Graphene 3D Lab has announced Graphene Flex Foam, a new commercial product that will be available through Graphene Laboratories’ e-commerce site, Graphene Supermarket. The new product is described as a Multilayer Freestanding Flexible Graphene Foam, that brings together a conductive elastomer composite with ultra-light graphene foam.

The foam, a highly conductive 3D chemical vapor deposition (CVD), together with the composite, brings together the best of several worlds of graphene usage. As a flexible foam, the material is both lightweight and reconfigurable, adding to ease of use and handling, with a porous structure. The Graphene Flex Foam could be used in conjunction with other graphene-related materials–such as Graphene 3D Lab’s filament offerings–in the creation of electronics and other conductive products.

Graphene oxide "teabags" to remove mercury from water

Researchers at the University of Aveiro in Portugal designed unique "tea bags" using a porous graphene oxide foam, which they say can help purify water by removing dissolved mercury. These foams demonstrate several significant advantages over existing water purification systems: they are reusable, simple to synthesize and should be easy to produce in bulk at a relatively low cost. The scientists add that they are also not affected by pH, which is beneficial since other sorbents often need the pH to be optimized, which drives up costs.

The scientists heated graphene oxide with ammonia to create a porous 3D material with a high surface area. After screening their materials for their ability to adsorb various toxic pollutants, the team chose to focus on mercury, one of the top three on the EU’s priority list of hazardous substances in water. The "tea bag" form was chosen due to the fact that the foam sometimes broke apart, and also to optimize contact with water.

LFP battery cathode improved by using graphene

Researchers at the Harbin Institute of Technology in China and the University of Michigan in the US demonstrated improved LFP battery cathode, augmented by reduced graphene oxide. The scientists used reduced graphene oxide (rGO) in LFP battery cathodes to create a new high surface area 3D composite.

LFP (or LiFePO4) is a kind of Li-Ion rechargeable battery for high power applications, such as electric vehicls, Power Tools and more. LFP cells feature high discharging current, non explosive nature and long cycle life, but its energy density is lower than normal Li-Ion cell. In this study, the researchers created the composite using a nickel foam template that was coated with layers of graphene oxide. The graphene oxide reduced as the LFP nanoparticles were synthesized in a simple technique that allows larger amounts of the LFP to be loaded into the carbon material.