Researchers from Switzerland's ETH Zurich and Japan's National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) have produced the first superconducting quantum interference device, or SQUID, from twisted graphene for the purpose of demonstrating the interference of superconducting quasiparticles. This work is based on former research in which, about a year ago, a team of researchers led by Klaus Ensslin and Thomas Ihn at ETH Zurich's Laboratory for Solid State Physics was able to demonstrate that twisted graphene could be used to create Josephson junctions, the fundamental building blocks of superconducting devices.
Conventional SQUIDs are already being used, for instance in medicine, geology and archaeology. Their sensitive sensors are capable of measuring even the smallest changes in magnetic fields. However, SQUIDs work only in conjunction with superconducting materials, so they require cooling with liquid helium or nitrogen when in operation. In quantum technology, SQUIDs can host quantum bits (qubits); that is, as elements for carrying out quantum operations. "SQUIDs are to superconductivity what transistors are to semiconductor technology—the fundamental building blocks for more complex circuits," Ensslin explains.