Graphene enables non-metal magnet

Researchers at the Czech Republic created magnetized carbon by treating graphene layers with non-metallic elements, said to be the first non-metal magnet to maintain its magnetic properties at room temperature. The researchers say such magnetic graphene-based materials have potential applications in the fields of spintronics, biomedicine and electronics.

By treating graphene with other non-metallic elements such as fluorine, hydrogen, and oxygen, the scientists were able to create a new source of magnetic moments that communicate with each other even at room temperature. This discovery is seen as "a huge advancement in the capabilities of organic magnets".

Tri-layer graphene supports a new type of magnet

A study at TIFR (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research) designed a system that allows electronic interactions to be observed in three layers of graphene. The study reveals a new kind of magnet and provides insight on how electronic devices using graphene could be made for fundamental studies as well as applications, shedding light on the magnetism of electrons in three layers of graphene at a low temperature of -272 Celsius that arises from the coordinated "whispers" between many electrons.

Metals have a large density of electrons, so being able to see the wave nature of electrons requires making metallic wires a few atoms wide. However, in graphene the density of electrons is much smaller and can be changed by making a transistor. As a result, the wave nature of electrons is easier to observe in graphene.

Saint Jean Carbon and Western University receive NSERC Grant

Saint Jean Carbon, a carbon science company engaged in the design and development of carbon materials and their applications, recently received (along with Western University) a grant from the The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) towards the development of graphene-based systems with special magnetic properties.

The $100,000 grant will be used to cover the cost of the lab work, testing, material creation and all research associated costs. The company stated that it aims to use the funds to get beyond the lab and into working prototypes, scaled models and future commercial production. In addition, SJC hopes that "the results will play a big role in the medical field as well in energy storage for electric cars and green energy creation".

Saint Jean Carbon achieves magnetoresistance graphene

Saint Jean Carbon, a carbon science company engaged in the exploration of natural graphite properties and related carbon products, has teamed up with the University of Western Ontario to create graphene that has a magnetic field (Magnetoresistance).

One of the involved researchers explained that: "Magnetoresistance (MR) refers to the significant change of electrical resistance of materials under a magnetic field. Magnetoresistance effects have been applied in magnetic sensors, spintronic devices and data storage. Magnetic sensors are extremely useful for today's industry for measurement and control purposes... This happens by detecting changes in electrical resistance brought on by the presence of a magnetic field. This is also known as magnetoresistance (MR). The market size of the magnetic sensor is increasing with annual growth rate at 10% because of new nanomaterials..."

Hydrogen atoms magnetize graphene

Researchers at the Autonomous University of Madrid, in collaboration with CIC nanoGUNE and the Institut Néel of Grenoble, have demonstrated that the simple absorption of a hydrogen atom on a layer of graphene magnetizes a large region of it. As a result, by selectively manipulating these hydrogen atoms, it is possible to produce magnetic graphene with atomic precision.

Graphene inherently lacks magnetic properties. The hydrogen atom has the smallest magnetic moment (the magnitude that determines how much and in what direction a magnet will exert force). This work reveals how when a hydrogen atom touches a graphene layer it transfers its magnetic moment to it. The researchers explain that in contraposition to more common magnetic materials such as iron, nickel or cobalt, in which the magnetic moment generated by each atom is located within a few tenths of a nanometre, the magnetic moment induced in the graphene by each atom of hydrogen extends several nanometres, and likewise displays a modulation on an atomic scale.