Researchers from Boston College and Japan's Nagoya University developed a new carbon material based on warped graphene sheets. The synthesized new material is made from 80 carbon atoms (in a network of 26 rings) and 30 hydrogen atoms on the edges. They call this new material "grossly warped nanographenes" and say that it has interesting optical and electronic properties.

Basically the idea is that they introduced defects into the graphene that distorted the material and also altered the properties. The new material is dramatically more soluble than a planar GNF, and it differs in color, too. Both materials are equally easily oxidized but the warped graphene is more difficult to reduce.;