Researchers develop aminoferrocene-based graphene system to bring about room temperature quantum computing

Researchers at the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) have developed a highly magnetic quantum computing material — 100 times more magnetic than pure iron — that functions at room temperature. The team introduced an aminoferrocene-based graphene system with room temperature superparamagnetic behavior in the long-range magnetic order.

Quantum computing has the potential to revolutionize the world, allowing massive health and science computation problems to be solved exponentially faster than by classic computing. However, before this could happen, it is vital to overcome the current drawback of only operating in subzero temperatures. “In order to make quantum computers work, we cannot use them at room temperature,” said Ahmed El-Gendy, Ph.D., an associate professor of physics at The University of Texas at El Paso. “That means we will need to cool the computers and cool all the materials, which is very expensive.”


In quantum computers, magnets are used to enhance speed, said Ahmed, but their strong magnetic properties only work in low temperature. (Quantum computers, in fact, are currently kept at the cool temperature of -459 degrees Fahrenheit, right above absolute zero). Since 2019, the UTEP team has worked to create entirely new magnetic materials for quantum computing. In addition to operating in regular temperatures, the team has focused on magnets that are not made from rare Earth materials. “All magnets are currently made from rare Earth materials, and we have a shortage of them,” El-Gendy said. “We’re going to face a problem soon of not having these materials to make magnets for any industry. Imagine if we get to that point.”

After several years of trial and error, the team’s efforts paid off. The final winner was a mixture of materials known aminoferrocene and graphene — and to El-Gendy’s surprise, the material demonstrates extremely powerful magnetism.

“I was really doubting its magnetism, but our results show clearly superparamagnetic behavior,” he said. “No one has prepared a material like this before. I think we could go make a quantum computer at room temperature with this.”

But much work remains. The material was difficult to make and the team is now trying to optimize the preparation process and continue improving the material’s effectiveness. They are also seeking collaborators who work in quantum computing. 

Posted: Sep 14,2023 by Roni Peleg