Researchers grow graphene nanoribbons in hBN stacks

Van der Waals encapsulation of 2D materials in hBN stacks could be a promising way to create ultrahigh-performance electronic devices. However, current approaches for achieving van der Waals encapsulation, which involve artificial layer stacking using mechanical transfer techniques, are difficult to control, prone to contamination and unscalable. 

Researchers at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Wuhan University, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, National Institute for Materials Science and Tel Aviv University recently reported the transfer-free direct growth of high-quality graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) in hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) stacks. The as-grown embedded GNRs exhibited highly desirable features being ultralong (up to 0.25 mm), ultranarrow (<5 nm) and homochiral with zigzag edges. 


The team reported that atomistic simulations showed that the mechanism underlying the embedded growth involves ultralow GNR friction when sliding between AA′-stacked hBN layers. Using the grown structures, the scientists demonstrated the transfer-free fabrication of embedded GNR field-effect devices that exhibit excellent performance at room temperature with mobilities of up to 4,600 cm2 V–1 s–1 and on–off ratios of up to 106.

This work could pave the way for the bottom-up fabrication of high-performance electronic devices based on embedded layered materials.

Posted: May 03,2024 by Roni Peleg