Korean researchers have made a new type of composite material made from reduced graphene oxide and magnetite that could effectively remove arsenic from drinking water. Arsenic is one of the most carcinogenic elements known and its presence in drinking water is a huge problem in many areas of South Asia and the western United States. Arsenic is usually removed using bare magnetite, but adding graphene makes it much more efficient.
The new magnetite composite was used to remove over 99.9% of arsenic in a sample. The composite can be dispersed in water, and then removed after it has absorbed the arsenic (by using a permanent hand-held magnet).