Graphene is a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb (hexagons or chicken-wire) crystal lattice. Researchers started to study Graphene in 2004, and since then they have found dozens of potential applications and exciting properties of this wonder material. Graphene is set to revolutionize a lot of industries, including sensors, batteries, conductors, displays, electronics, energy generation, medicine and more.

Graphene is the strongest material ever developed - 200 times stronger than steel and tougher than a diamond. It's also the world's thinnest material, and it is flexible and transparent. Graphene is also the best heat and electricity conductor. As can be expected, the research community is very excited about this material, and the business world follows suit. The commercialization of graphene is just in its infancy, but already dozens of new companies have been established to develop graphene based material, graphene production processes and other related activities.

There are over a hundred companies directly involved with graphene. Many of these companies are private start-ups in early-stages, but some pure-play graphene companies are public. The following sections will list some of those companies, and also some other investment ideas. For a more in-depth analysis of the possibility of investing in graphene, and a complete public companies listing (there are over 15 of those as of early 2016), see our Graphene Investment Guide.

Pure-play graphene companies

In the past few years several graphene producers and graphene application developers started trading in stock exchanges around the world - mostly in Australia, Canada and the UK. Here we'll list some of those companies:

Haydale (AIM:HAYD) develops and markets carbon materials under the HDPlas brand. The company is currently focused on graphene composite solutions, and the company also developed and supplies metal-free graphene-based inks.

In October 2013 we posted an article explaining Haydale's business and technology.

Applied Graphene Materials logoApplied Graphene Materials was established in 2010 as a spin-off from Durham University to develop a new graphene synthesis method and produce graphene materials. AGM's technology is a unique patented scalable 'bottom-up' CVD approach to produce graphene. AGM is a public company that lists in the UK's AIM stock exchange (AIM:AGM).

AGM mainly targets graphene composites, coatings, lubricants, thermal management solutions and energy storage devices. In FY2015, AGM reported revenues of £41,000 (up from £4,000 pounds in FY2014) and a pretax loss of £4 million. AGM reported a significantly-broadened collaboration opportunity pipeline and provided over 120 evaluation samples to customers in more than 20 countries, and has plans to raise over £10 million.

Graphene 3D Labs (TSX:GGG) is focusing on development of high-performance graphene-enhanced materials for 3D printing. The company was spun-off Graphene Labs with support from Lomiko Metals (who holds 15% of the company). In August 2014 graphene 3D Lab went public after a reverse merger with Matnic Resources.

Other graphene investment options

Several large and public companies (such as Samsung, Intel, Nokia, IBM and Sony) are involved in graphene research. These companies may be on the forefront of graphene research - especially in high-end fields such as electronics and photonics - but graphene, even if successful, will probably represent a small portion of their business.

Another option is to invest in graphene production equipment. Aixtron AG, for example, is a provider of deposition equipment to the semiconductor industry who offers the BM Pro systems (previously called Black Magic systems) that can be used to deposit graphene using both chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). Aixtron trades in the NASDAQ (ticker:AIXG), but was recently acquired by Chinese fund. US-based CVD Equipment Corporation also offers graphene R&D and production equipment. CVD Equipment trades in the NASDAQ (ticker: CVV).

Another popular alternative is to invest in graphite miners. Some these companies are also eyeing graphene - planning to start graphene production or investing in graphene related companies. Interesting companies in this industry include Mason Graphite, Lomiko Metals and Elcora Resources. Most graphite miners are based in Australia and Canada.

Interested in graphene investing? our graphene investment guide includes detailed information on over a dozen public graphene companies.

Graphene investment discussion board

Graphene-Info hosts a discussion board focused on graphene investment. This is a great place to share knowledge and tips, learn of new investment options and news. Successful investment is all about knowledge!

The forum is open for everyone - to join the discussion simply contact us and we will provide a user name so you can comment and launch new discussions.

Further reading:

Latest graphene investing and financials news

Haydale reports sales boost and additional updates

Haydale logoHaydale Graphene Industries has provided an update on trading for the six months ended 31 December 2017, as well as the general progress updates.

The main highlights include the report that Haydale is on track with its strategy and trading is in line with market expectations for the full year to 30 June 2018. The creation of two Strategic Business Units (‘SBU’) with respective senior management teams to drive sales and realize geographic potential has reportedly led to an uptake in sales and commercial opportunities.

Graphene 3D Lab receives $1.2 million in warrant proceeds

Graphene 3D Labs logoGraphene 3D Lab has announced receiving a gross proceed of $1,246,051 from the exercise of 10,383,760 warrants.

Daniel Stolyarov, the President and co-CEO commented: "We are pleased to receive such strong support from our shareholders. With the warrant proceeds, the Company is starting the year of 2018 with solid cash position. Together with $500,000 grant that we received from the State of New York in December 2017, these funds will allow our company to accomplish expeditiously the relocation of operations to the new facility, establish better infrastructure, install industrial scale equipment, and increase production for rapid growth of Graphene 3D Lab's business."

Graphene for the Display and Lighting Industries

XG Sciences to expand with new graphene production facility

XG Sciences, a US-based developer and producer of graphene flakes, has announced its plan to invest millions in expanding its Lansing-area facilities. The company will start operating out of new 64,000 square-foot facility in Vevay Township in March.

XG Sciences' new plant image

The company was formed in 2006 based on work out of Michigan State University. The company's technology can be used in automotive batteries and as wire coatings in electronics to prevent microchips from overheating. Some of the material has been used in Samsung phones as a thermally conductive adhesive, said current CEO Philip Rose. Rose also said the expansion marks the first phase in a move toward larger scale commercialization for the company.

Directa Plus reports positive preliminary results for 2017

Directa Plus has provided a trading update for the year that has recently ended. The Company states that it has performed well during the second half of 2017 with revenues more than doubling over those achieved for the first half. As a result, the Board anticipates reporting full year 2017 revenue of approximately €0.9 million.

The financial position of the Company remains robust with year-end cash and cash equivalents expected to be approximately €7 million.

Versarien - Think you know graphene? Think again!Versarien - Think you know graphene? Think again!